The blood consists of fluid - plasma and formed elements: leukocytes, platelets and red blood cells. Let us dwell on the latter.
Their main task is to transport oxygen from the lungs to the tissues and back, but already to transport the spent carbon dioxide. Erythrocytes also regulate the acid-base balance of blood, elimination of toxins and saturation of cells with vitamins, enzymes and amino acids by digestion.
In all these processes, the main load is borne by hemoglobin (a specific protein globin heme molecule containing iron particles).
Erythrocytes are formed in the bone marrow and are badly needed for this: iron, vitamins B2, B6, B12, E, PP, folic acid, nickel, cobalt, copper ... If any elements are missing, the production of erythrocytes is reduced or their lives becomes shorter.
In the case of a deficiency in the blood of erythrocytes or in other words, low hemoglobin is ANEMIA.
!!! The hemoglobin rate in women is 120 - 150, in men 130 - 160 g / l. It should also be remembered that not only hemoglobin but also ferritin and other indicators are important.
Some of the main causes of decreased hemoglobin:
Symptoms of anemia:
If you find the above symptoms, first consult your doctor and have the tests done. It is necessary to find the cause of anemia and already a specialist will appoint the necessary remedies. Do not self-medicate! Include foods rich in iron in the diet: apples, buckwheat, red meat, fish, beef liver.
And be healthy!